A Look Inside The 2014 World Cup Stadiums

In honor of the World Cup which started last week I thought it would be fun to take a look at the 12 stadiums hosting the matches. The host stadiums are a mix of renovated arenas and new construction with an emphasis on green and sustainable design and construction. All of the stadiums hosting World Cup matches have either already achieved some level of LEED certification or are expected to in the near future.

For each stadium we are listing the common name along with the full name in parentheses if it’s different. For the renovated stadiums we are listing the architects, general contractors and costs for the renovations and not the original construction.

Stadium Name: Estádio do Maracanã (Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho)

Location: Rio de Janeiro

Year Opened: 1950, renovated in 2013

Architects: Fernandes Arquitetos Associados, Schlaich Bergermann und Partner

General Contractor: Odebrecht, Andrade Gutierrez

Cost: $535 million

Interesting Fact: The Maracanã was built for the 1950 World Cup and hosted the opening match of the tournament as well as the decisive match between Brazil and Uruguay which holds the record for the highest attendance in a World Cup match. The official attendance was 173,850 paid spectators but some estimates claim it was closer to 210,000 due to people sneaking into the stadium.

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Stadium Name: Estádio Mineirão (Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto)

Location: Belo Horizonte

Year Opened: 1965, renovated and reopened in 2012

Architects: BCMF Arquitetos

General Contractor: Consórcio Construtor Nova Arena

Cost: $310 million

Interesting Fact: Mineirão is the first World Cup stadium to be powered by solar energy. The 6,000 solar panels installed on the roof have a capacity of 1,600 megawatts-hour per year. The stadium will use about 10% of the energy generated with the rest being transferred to the grid for consumers.

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Stadium Name: Estádio Beira-Rio (Estádio José Pinheiro Borda)

Location: Porto Alegre

Year Opened: 1969, renovated in 2014

Architects: Santini & Rocha Arquitetos, Hype Studio

General Contractor: Andrade Gutierrez

Cost: $147 million

Interesting Fact: The stadium features a self-cleaning roof made of Teflon-coated PTFE and designed to channel rainwater into storage tanks. The collected rainwater will be used to flush the toilets in the stadium.

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Stadium Name: Castelão Arena (Estádio Plácido Aderaldo Castelo)

Location: Fortaleza

Year Opened: 1973, renovated in 2012

Architects: Vigliecca & Associados

General Contractor: Galvão Engenharia/Andrade Mendonça Consortium

Cost: $244 million

Interesting Fact: 36,000 tons of concrete generated from demolition for the renovation was recycled and reused to pave the new car park at the stadium.

Fortaleza_Arena_on_March_2014.

Stadium Name: Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha

Location: Brasilia

Year Opened: 1974, demolished and rebuilt in 2013

Architects: Castro Mello Architects

General Contractor: Andrade Gutierrez

Cost: $624 million

Interesting Fact: The stadium is expected to be the first LEED Platinum-certified World Cup stadium as well as the first net-zero energy stadium in the world.

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Stadium Name: Arena da Baixada (Estádio Joaquim Américo Guimarães)

Location: Curitiba

Year Opened: 1914, demolished and rebuilt in 1999, renovated in 2014

Architects: Carlos Arcos Arquitetura, 360 Architecture

General Contractor: CYD, Schlaich Bergermann und Partner

Cost: $142.7 million

Interesting Fact: The stadium has a 264,172 gallon cistern to hold rainwater which will be used in the stadium’s automated irrigation system.

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Stadium Name: Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova (Complexo Esportivo Cultural Professor Octávio Mangabeira)

Location: Salvador

Year Opened: 2013

Architects: SCHULITZ Architekten / Tetra Arquitetos

General Contractor: OAS, Odebrecht

Cost: $307 million

Interesting Fact: A portion of the stadium’s PTFE roof collapsed after heavy rain. The roof collapse occurred a little over a month after the stadium opened.

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Stadium Name: Itaipava Arena Pernambuco (Estádio Governador Carlos Wilson Rocha de Queirós Campos)

Location: Recife

Year Opened: 2013

Architects: Fernandes Arquitectos Associados

General Contractor: Odebrecht

Cost: $237 million

Interesting Fact: The exterior façade and roof of the stadium is made using Fluon ETFE film with an LED membrane that allows it to be lit up with different colors at night.

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Stadium Name: Arena Pantanal (Arena Multiuso Governador José Fragelli)

Location: Cuiabá

Year Opened: 2014

Architects: GCP Arquitetos

General Contractor: Santa Barbara / Mendes Júnior

Cost: $153 million

Interesting Fact: The stadium has an adaptable structure that can be reconfigured and reduced in size to host a variety of events like concerts and exhibitions.

Cuiaba_Arena

Stadium Name: Arena da Amazônia

Location: Manuas

Year Opened: 2014

Architects: GMP Architekten

General Contractor: Andrade Gutierrez

Cost: $299 million

Interesting Fact: The stadium is located in the world’s largest tropical rainforest and most of the building material, including 6,700 tons of steel, had to be shipped up the Amazon River on a barge.

Amazonia_Arena

Stadium Name: Arena das Dunas

Location: Natal

Year Opened: 2014

Architects: Populous, Coutinho, Grupo Stadia, Diegues e Cordeiro Arquitetos

General Contractor: OAS

Cost: $178 million

Interesting Fact: The name and design for the stadium took inspiration from the sand dunes on Natal’s beaches.

Bonus Fact: The US Team won their opening match in group play against Ghana, who had knocked them out of the previous two World Cups. The winning goal was scored in the 86th minute on a header off a corner kick by John Brooks, marking the first time an American substitute has scored a goal in the World Cup.

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Stadium Name: Arena Corinthians (Referred to as Arena de São Paulo during the World Cup)

Location: São Paulo

Year Opened: 2014

Architects: CDC Arquitectos

General Contractor: Odebrecht

Cost: $420 million

Interesting Fact: The exterior façade on the east side of the stadium is the world’s largest LED stadium screen measuring 37,000 square feet.

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Note: All images courtesy of the Brazilian National Government.

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