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In carpet making, metal strips inserted in the weaving shed under the surface yarns to form loops when the yarns are bound by the weft shuttle in the Velvet and Wilton weaves; a round wire will withdraw, leaving uncut pile loops for round-wire Velvet and Wiltons, while bladed knife-ends on flat wires will cut these loops, forming a plushlike surface of tufts; the term has come to indicate the number of rows of tufts per inch of warp; thus 11 wires means 11 rows of tufts to each inch of length.

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